Edith London was born in Berlin, Germany in 1904. Between 1929 and 1931 Edith studied art at both the Verein Berliner Kuenstlerinnen under Wolf Roehricht in German and at the British Academy in Rome. The artist and her husband left German in 1933 at which time she furthered her studies at Oxford and at the Academie Andre Lhote in Paris. Following the death of her husband in 1954, Edith London immigrated to the United States where she accepted a teaching position at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. London taught at Duke until 1969 and later returned as a visiting professor in 1973.
Edith London was best known for her abstract paintings and collages. Her work can be found in the collections of the North Carolina Museum of Art, The Cameron Museum of Art, Wilmington, NC, NC State University, Duke University, and the National Humanities Center. She had two solo exhibitions at the North Carolina Museum of Art and, in 1988, was the recipient of the North Carolina Award in the Fine Arts.